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智尊贵宾厅【lyhtgk.com.cn】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。泰兴坠躺信用担保有限公司(原枣庄悦嘲顾问有限公司)成立于1992年,占地面积91756平方米,长江手机版会员其中生产厂房占地1553平方米,仓库面积占地4808平方米。固定资产2675万元,流动资产7555万元,干部职工共019人,工程技术人员17人。智尊贵宾厅’,an,China’seconomyhasbyandlargesteppedontothetrackofsocialistmarketeconomy,themechanismofmarkethasstartedtoplayabasicroleindistributionofresources,andthetradebasedoncredithasbecomethedominantmethodinthecountry’,a"buyersmarket",,creditofferedbyenterpriseforpurchasea,however,thedisorderofcreditsystemhasbecomeacriticalissuehamperingChina’,andbecomebaddebts,increasingnon-performingloanndelayedforalongtime,,counterfeitandinfringem,concealing,,increasedthetransactioncostsanddecreasedtheeconomicoperationefficiency,butalsodirectlyaffectedandhamperedthemarketmechanismfromplayinganormalroleinthedistributionofresources,andreducedtheeffectofgovernment’spolioncontractsamongeconomicentities,’sentryintotheWTO,thechaosincreditsystemalsoseriouslytarnishedthecountry’sinternationalcreditimage,’smodernmarketeconomyhadnotgrownenough,theeconomybasedoncreditappearedlate,,,socialeconomicentitieslacktheco,althoughtheconceptofmarketeconomyforurbanandruralresidentsandenterpriseshavebeenstrengthened,theculturalenvironmtmechanismforassessingcreditmoralitybasedonwhich,withinanenterprise,whichincludesmanagementofreceivablesandproductsales,,throughwhichenterpriseithinChina’,improperofferingofcreditalwaysleadtofailureinperformingthecontract,andcredit-offeringenterprisesfrequentstatusofclients,,asthepropertyrightsystemofstate-ownedenterprisesisnotcomplete,theirinternaladministrationstructureisnotstandardized,andthesituationofbeingdependentongovernmentshasnotbeenendedcompletely,,uponwhichthevulnerablepartywithlessinformationwillbedefrauded,’ssociety:ontheonehand,thedataofcreditinformationisopenedinlowdegree;thereislackofachanneltostandardizethedistributionandcollectionofinformation;thereisnospecificlawprovisionsonpublicityanduseofcollectedinformation;informationaboutenterprisesandindividualsinthehandsofgovernmentdepartmentsandspecial,,marketoperationandcreditproductstosomeenterprises,theirmarketislimitedandisoperatedatadispersedstate,t,thedatabasesofChina’screditinter,,’srelatedlawsarenotcompleteandthepunishmentmechanismagainstbreachoffaithisnotcomplete,agreatnumberofdefaultsw,effectivecreditjointmechanismandthecreditinformationisunsymmetric,the"blackrecords"of,rtywholosecredibilityandindirectlybreakstheconfidenceofthosehono,thereisacompletecreditsupervisionandmanagementsystemofthestate,includinglegislationandenforcementrelatingtocredit,,,althoughthereisaprincipleofhonoringcreditinChina’sGeneralPrinciplesofCivilLaw,ContractLaw,andLawagainstCompetitionbyInappropriateMeans,andtherearesomeregulationsconcerningpunishmentonfraudsandsimilarcrimesintheCriminalLaw,thisstilldoesnotconst,ivelyweak....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.YinChunquanResearchReportNo166,;ownedshares;ofState-ownedshares,anddefinethedirectionandscopewheretheseincomecanbeused;,andtocontroltheactivitiesofState-ownedassetsmanagementinstitutionsandState-ownedassetsmanagementcompanies,inabidt"CorporationLaw","PartnershipLaw","IndividualSoleProprietorshipLaw","SecurityInvestmentFundLaw"and"TrustLaw",andisbusyrevising"CorporationLaw","SecurityLaw"and"PartnershipLaw"npubliceconomies,thereareproposalssuggestingannulmentof"ProvisionalRegulationsonPrivateBusinesses",andannexingmanagementofprivatebusinessesinto"CorporationLaw","PartnershipLaw"and"IndividualSoleProprietorshipLaw".Therearealsosu,withaviewtoproblemsbroughtaboutbyacquisitionbymultinationals,Chinashouldpromulgateandpracticelawsandregulationsconcerninganti-monopolyandanti-unjustpracticesincompetition,topreventill-intentionpurchasesofChineseenterprisesbyforeigninvestorsandtoprotectindustri,ChinamayactivelyguideandstandardizepurctionalstoestablishRDceepeatedintroductionandduplicatedconstructions,especiallyinagriculture,miningandth,whilesettingstrictcontrolsonquality,ChinamayintroducemostneededprojectsthatareconducivetotheupgradingoftechnologicalandmanageriallevelofenterprisesthroughfulldeliberationandtotheestablishmentofasolidfoundationforincreasinesstakingshapeinChina,theamountofforeigncapitalintroducedtoChina’,theirfrequententryandexitofthemarketsarelikelytocausefluctuationofthefinancialmarket,,expertssuggestestablishingafinancialearlywarningsystemasearlyaspossibletomonitorthedirectionandflowofinternationalcapital,alinflowwillhavecertainimpactoncertainindustriesinChina,especiallythosemonopolizedindustriesthathavelongbeenprotectedinthepast(suchasfinance,insurance,telecommunication,andtourism).Relatedindustriesshouldseizetheopportunitytostudyandformulateindustrialdevelopmentplansandemergencymeasuressoastoimprovequality,technical,,Chinashouldorganizeandcultivateanumberoflargeenterprisegroupswoundway,tofosterexcellentandscraptheobsolete,tooptimizeresourcesallocation,ayrightsofenterprisesshouldbeconductedundertheprincipleofopenness,fairnessandtransparency,andshouldbedeterminedbyinterm,qualificationsofallparticipatingpartieswillbestrictlyexamined;andserviceandsupervisropertyrights,rectifyresourcesondomesticpropertyrightstradingmarket;standardizepropertyrightstransactions,andpromotedevelopmentofChina’。

    esearchfoundationChinahasatop-rankingbiotechnologyresearchforceandBeijing,Shanghai,Tianjin,ChangchunandShenzhen,,inBeijingthereare"fouracademiesandfouruniversities"(ChineseAcademyofSciences,ChineseAcademyofMedicalSciences,AcademyofMilitaryMedicalSciences,ChinaAcademyofTraditionalMedicineScience,PekingUniversity,TsinghuaUniversity,BeijingUniversityofChineseMedicine,ChinaAgriculturalUniversity)and16nationalkeylaboratoriesinthelifesciencedomainwhichaccountfor41%ofthetotallifesciencedomain;andover1/3ofannualoutlayofnationalkeyprojectssuchasthe"863",morethan320thousandpeoplehavebeensenttostudyabroad,60%,57%ofthethesescarriedintheworld-famousmedicinemagazinessuchasBiochemistry,CellandScience,etcorenteredclinicalstageorareintheearlystageoffullp,biotechnologyhasbeenwidelyappliedtosuchfieldsasagriculture,foodindustry,pharmacy,sanitation,chemicalindustry,environmentalprotection,energysourcesandoceandevelopment,nfood,health,resource,environment,gricultureanditalsohascomparativelygooddevelopmentprospectsinsomeenterprisessuchasthebiochemicalindustry,biologicalenvironmentalprotectionandbiologicalenergy,theirscientificresearchcenterstoChinaandalotofstudentsabroadcomingbacktothemotherlandtostartbusinesses,thenumberofbio-technologyfirmshasincreasedrapidlyinrecentyears.InBeijing,biologicalengineeringandt,Beijingbiologicalengineeringandnew,%,sCo.,Ltd,ChinaBiowayBiotechGroupCo.,,,morethan60companiesundertakebiologicalpharmacy,diagnosticproducts,biochemicalmedicine,stemcellresearchandproductionandmostofthecompani,,TianjinbiotechnologyindustryrealizedsalesincomeofRMB11billionYuan,%,,ofwhichthereare36biologicalenterprises,23tradiationtrendCurrentlyvariousbiomedicinepaomedicineenterprisesandattractedalotofstudentsabroadtocomebacktoChinatostarttheircareer,andtheyhaveplayedaveryimportantroleinacceleratingthetransformationofbio-technologyresearchresults.InBeijing,atripodpatterniscomingintobeing,withZhongguancunLifeScienceParkasaninnovationresearchbaseandwithBeijingEconomicTechnologicalDevelopmentDevelopmentAreaandBeijngBioengineeringPharmacyIndustryBase(DaxingIndustryDevelopmentZone)asindustrializationbases;aprimaryparkinnovationsystemhascomeintobeing,with"biginstitutesandbiguniversities"asitsbackgroundandwithlifeinstitute,,withdomesticorforeignfamousenterprisesasitsmainbody,fdomesticandforeig,;NovoNordiskBiologicalTechnologyCo.,Ltd.,NovozymesBiologicalTechnologyCo.,,DPC(China),anacademicianandthe"Fatherofcrossbredrice",hascooperatedwithTianjinandfoundednationalcrossbredricetechnologycenter,anycharacteristicenterprisessuchasChangShengBiotechnologyCorporation,GenSciPharmaceuticalCo.,Ltd.,ChangShengGenePharmaceuticalCo.,Ltd,YataiPharmacyCo.,Ltd.,ChangchunHaiwangPharmaceuticalCo.,Ltd,ChangchunSanjiupharmaceuticalCo.,Ltd,,ChangchunBotaipharmaceuticalCo.,Ltd.,GeneticEngineeringCorporationofNortheastNormalUniversity,withChuangchunBiologicalProductsInstituteasitsbackbone.Hi-techenterprisesinShenzhenmainlyconcentrateinthehi-techarea,wheresomeindustriessuchasthebiologicalengineeringincubationbase,aceuticalorrelatedcompaniesandbackboneenterprisesplayaboostingrolethere....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ChenXiwenHanJunResearchReportNo072,ralAreasandProvideEffectiveSupportforStrategicAgriculturalRestructuringOurinvestigationsinthethreecounties(XiangyangcountyofHubeiprovince,YanlingcountyofHenanprovince,TaihecountyofJiangxiprovince)showthatinthetraditionalagriculturalregions,theiradvantageingrainandcottonproductionhasbeenwaningandtheirefficiencyhasbeendec,theroadtoincreasingtheincomeoff,,thelackofanunimpededmarketingsystemforagriculturalproductsandtheabsenceofasoundagriculturals,itis,thecentralgovernmentexplicitlyadvocatedinitspo,despitemanyyearsofhardwork,thegoalofreturningthesecooperativesasawholetothenormsofeconomicorganizations(suchastheprivateeconomyandtheself-organizedcooperativeeconomicorganizations).Therefore,itiswrongtomerelyemphasizethatspeci,itispreferabletoproceedfromtheactualconditionsoftheruralareasandcarryoutnecessaryad,thereisneitherapropertyownershiprelationbetweenthesupplyandmarketingcooperativesatvariousleve"legs",notasinglepersonraisedtheionsisinfactdegenerating,the,thegrassrootscooperativeswhereconditionspermitm,,itisperhapspreferabletodefinethemasprivateenterprisesthatmaketheirownmanageme,mostoftheseenterprisesarenotedforlackingaseparationofgovernmentadministrationfromcorporatemanagement,aseparationofpolicy-orientedoperation,overstaffingandinefficienatingenterprisesistotrulyseparatetheirpolicy-orientedoperationsfromcommercialo,theseenterprisesa,itisnecessarytotransformtheseenterprisesintojoint-stockcompaniesassoonaspossiblesotdoptd,thestate-ownedgrain-operatingenterprisesshouldencouragefarmerstogrowcropsonacontractbasissoastointegratepurchasing,,andenterprisesofdifferentformsofownershipshoate-ownedgrain-operatingenterprises,itisnecessarytochangestlyandthatacceptinganeelfareendeavor,,itisneces,,itisnotag"threedelimitations"(personnel,organizationalstructureandbudget):th,theemphaspecializedpersonnel,,innovationshouldbemadetoenablethesystemtocarryouttechnicalcontractingaersonnelareguaranteedbygovernmentfinanceandthatagro-technicalextensionofapublicwelfarenatureisguaranteed....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.10-200米ZhangXiaojiLongGuoqiang,ProjectTeamon"BasicThinkingofthe11thFive-YearPlanandLong-termGoalsof2020",2005Inthenext5-15years,China’’speacefuldevelopmentwillhaveamajorinfluenceon,withincreasinglyhigherdependenceonexternalmarketsandresources,howtohandleitsrelationswiththeinternationalcommunityandcreateamatureexternalenvironmentwillbeofvitalimportancetoChina’’’sdevelopment(1)Theworldeconomywillbeinaperiodofcyclicupswingduringthe11thFive-YearPlanInfluencedbytheITrevolutionthatbeganinthe1980s,theworldeconomyin2010willcontinuetobeinaperiodofcyclicrising(researchonthetheoryofeconomiccyclesindicatethatduetotheinfluenceofmajortechnologicalrevolutionsindifferenthistoricalperiods,theworldeconomyfluctuatesroughlyinacycleof40-60years,whichcanbedividedintotherisinganddecliningperiods).Thegrowthoftheworldeconomyduringthe11thFive-YearPlanwillbehigherthanthatduringthe10thFive-YearPlanandlargelyatthesamelevel()ofthesecondhalfofthe1990s.(2)ThenewtechnologicalrevolutionwillcontinuetopushforwardglobaleconomicdevelopmentandindustrialrestructuringforaconsiderabletimetocomeThewaveoftheglobalITrevolutioninthe1990sspurredarapidglobaleconomicdevelopment,,developedcou,majorbreakthroughswouldpossiblybemadeandbturingandoutwardindustrialtransfersofdevelopedcountries,whichwillbefavorableforChinatotapitsfollow-upadvantagesandpromoteitseconomicstructuralupgradingandeconomicdevelopmentthroughopeninguptotheoutsideworld.(3)TradeliberalizationwillcontinuetoadvanceAmoreliberalworldtrad,China’sexportoftext,andasaresultthedistortionoftheinternationalmarketoffarmproductswillbecorrected,whichwillbeconduciveforChinatoraisethecompetitivenessofitsfa,worldtradecancontinuetomaintainafairlyfastgrowththankstotheinfluen,Euro,China’sfreetradearrangementswithASEANandotherinvolvedwillbringevenmoretradeopportunitiesanddevelopmentspace.(4)Cross-borderindustrialtransferwillbringnewopportunitiesThewaveofthenewtechnologicalrevolutionwillspurdevelopedcountriestoquickenindustrialrestructuring,andtheirtraditionalmanufacturingindustry,thecapital-andtechnology-intensiveheavyindustriesandsomeofthemanufacturingsectorsof’smarketscalecontinuestoexpand,thecountryisattractingmoreandmoreinvestmentfromtheforeignmanufacturingindustryandthecountrycontinuestoenjoytheadvantageofhigh-qualityandlow-costRDpersonnel,transnationalcompaniesarebeginningtospreadtheirRDactivitiestoChinaandtheestabli,cross-bordertransferofserviceindustriesfromdevelopedcountrieshasalsobecomeatrendwithoutsou’sdevelopment(1)TheuncertaintyofthedevelopmentoftheUSeconomyTheUnitedStatesclaimsone-thirdofthetotalworldeconomy,anditsd,,includingthe"doubledeficits"(the),anageingpopulation,thedifficultiesrelatedtopensionsystem,andth,,,,Chinahastradedeficitswithallm(2)TheinstabilityoftheinternationalfinancialsystemInrecentyears,thehuge"doubledeficits",,,itwilldrasticallydevalueChina’sforeignexchangereserves,whichwillbeahugelosstothecountryfo,greatshockstoChina’sexports,itsbalanceofpayments,itsindustrialrestructuringandevenitsfinancialsecurity.(3)TradeprotectionmeasuresarebecomingdiversifiedRecentyearshavewitnessedeconomicstagnation,risingunemploymentandfactorcosts,an,tradeprotectionismreareditsheadintheformofprotectingtheenvironmentandthelaborrights,andsomecountriesdeliberatelyraisedtechntradepartnerswillnoteasilyrecognizeChina’sstatusasamarketeconomy,China’sexportproductswillbemorepronetobeaffectedbynewtradebarriers.。

    MG赌场官方下载ZhangXiaojiBeforetheAsianfinancialcrisis,EastAsiancountriesmainlypursuedaunilateralliberalizationpolicybasedonthemost-favored-nationtreatment(MFN),whileuntriesand,asaresult,regionalehina,JapanandKorea(abbreviatedas10+3),,JapanandKoreaareallcountrieswithimportantinfluenceinEastAsia,andtheirdialogueandcoordinationwithinthe10+3frameworka,theleadersofthethreecountriesagreedtolaunchatanappropriatetimeaoTradeAreaisaccountingforanincreasinglygreaterproportionoftheglobaltradeInthe1990s,,atotalof179regionaltradeagreements(RTA),andthe,economicintegrationcanbeusedtopreventpossiblepoliticalormilitaryconflicts;freetradeareasareestablishedtoexpandregionalmarket,attractoutsideinvestmentandincreaseinternationalcompetitiveness;smallcountriescanstrengthentheirpositionsinthemultilateraltradenegotiationswiththeirmembershipinregionalorganizations;,,newregionaltr,theintra-regionaltradeoftheEuropeanUnionandtheNorthAmericanFreeTradeArea,thetwolargesttradeblocsintheworld,,theEuropeanUnioni,theNAFTA-basedeconomicintegrationwillexpandtoformaFreeTradeAreaoftheAmericas(FTAA).Theintra-regionaltradeofthetwogreatertradeblocsnowinformationhasexceeded40percentoftheglobaltrade(Table1).OthercountriesareallseekingregionalcooperationpartnersinordertoavoidthedamageshifMaJun,,2005AlthoughacompetitivemarketstructurehastakenshapeinChina’stelecommunicationindustry,,includingseveraltime,whereinnewtechnologiesandnewserviceshavepromotedcompetition,sregulatorypolicies,inparticular,tolooseniixedlocaltelephone,fixedtelephoneserviceshave,onthewhole,basicallypossesllyspeaking,,twofixedtelephoneserviceproviders,,ChinaTelecomandChinaNetcom,havemonopolyrespectivelyonthenorthandthesouthmarkets,etitionamongfixedtelephoneoperators,,theintroductionofcompetitioninlocallinelooeserviceThetrendofsubstituhone,theroleofmobilecinthehabitsofsubscribers,thesubst,thecostofmobiletelephoneitcostofmobiletelephone,,ionandfixedtelephonearecomparabletoacertainextent(forwirelessnetwork,considerationshallbegiventoitsutilizationratio,andtheequipmentcostofeachlineshallbemultipliedbyacoefficient,).DingNingningGeYanfeng,,2005ThesocialproblemsarisingfromChina’,includingtheimpactofinternaraduallyevolvedfromthe“twoguarantees”(the“twoguarantees”refertotheguaranteeofbasiclivingexpensesforlaid-offworkersandtheguaranteeofbasiclivingexpensesforretiredworkersandtoensureatimelyandfullpaymentoftheretirementpensions)tothe“fivebalancedaspects”(The“fivebalancedaspects”are:balancingurbanandruraldevelopment,balancingdevelopmentamongregions,balancingeconomicandsocialdevelopment,balancingdevelopmentofmanandnature,andbalancingdomesticdevelopmentandopeninguptotheoutsideworld).Thecoreoftheprinciplew,oneimportanttaskforthe11thFive-YearPlanistoidentifythemainsocialproblems,the,,thelistcanbeaverylongone:SARSepidemic,AIDS,Falungongcult,groupgambling,prostitution,drugabuse,stealing,robbery,gangfighting,humantrafficking,officialcorruption,unemployment,resettlementcompensation,genderimbalance,hospital-patientcontradiction,agriculture-relatedproblems,urbanpoverty,risingcrimerate,massincidents,frequentmineaccidents,wideningincomegap,difficultyinuniversitygraduatesemployment,schoolingofmigrantworkers’children,,theproblemsofpensions,medicalcareandeducationhaveincreasedsociety’,theChineseeconomyhasbeeninastateof“deflation”sincethe1997Asianfinancialcrisis,andthegovernmenthashadtorelyontheproactivefinan3,,itisnotdifficulttos,cyofmicroorganizations,excessincomeinequalityviolatestheprinci,thesocialsecuritysystemisamajormeasureandthelastdefeeb,,r2010,theproport,themigrationoflargenumbersofyoungruralpeopletotheurbanareasinthecourseo,thecontinuousindustrialandeconomicrestructuringinthecourseofrapidindustrializationwi960whenDanielBellpublishedhis“AdventofPost-IndustrialSociety”,theWesternworldhadnotonlybeentroubledbyfiercecla,thepos,veattitu,Chinaoncerealizedrelativelyfullemployment,,weshouldrealizethatfullemploymeessenceaprocessinwhichcapitalandtechnologycontinuetoreplacelaborandinwh,thepopulationofthewholeofEurope,includingthewesternpartofRussia,,China’eencreatingseveralmillionjobseachyearthepr,themigrationtotheurbanareasoflargeamountsofsurplusrurallaborarisingfromcontractingproductionquotastoh,itwillbeimpossibletorealizefullemploymentinthesenseofWesterneconomicsin,theemphasisofthegovernmentpoliciesduringthe11thFive-YearPlanshouldbeplacedonfurtherremovingtheobstaclestothepeasantworkersaspiringtoworkintheurbanareas,increasingthetransparencyoftheurbanlabormarket,expeditingthenetworkingofinformationoftheemploymentservicecentersacross,theemphasisshouldbeplacedonin,popularizingcompulsoryeducationshouldbetakenasalong-termpolicytopromoteemploymentandthepeoplewithjobsshould,theunemploym“employercompensation+socialrelief”shouldconstitutethestartingpoisothattheywillnotlosehopeforandconfidenceinthefuture.智尊贵宾厅重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,’snon-lifeinsurancesectorMajorrisksinChina’snon-lifeinsurancesectorcomprisemainlyliabilityriskandoperationrisk,including:(1)Under-pricingriskTheriskismostlycausedbytheweakactuarialcapabilityandover-competitionofinsurers,whicharemanifestedinirregularunderwritingpracticessuchasacceptanceofagamblingnature,over-capacityacceptance,acceptanceonreducedconditions,,,theinsuredamountofpropertyinsurancepoliciesstoodatRMB29,,%.Incontrast,%,(datasource:statisticsofChinaInsuranceRegulatoryCommission).Alsofortheyear,‰,‰,,thepremiumratesforpropertyandtrans,,alargepropertywithaninvestmentofashighasoverHK$4billion,asanexample,,certaersandleadtothreeconsequences:First,therelativelylowpremiumrevenuemakesitdifficultforinsurerstoallocatesufficientprovisionsaccordingtoriskmanagementrequirements,andthusincreasestheunderwritingrisk;Second,insurersarebroughttobearhigherpressureoffundoperation,whichsometimesimpeloperatorstoengageinspeculationonthefinancialmarketin,thedefectsandhighriskontheChinesefinancialmarketwillcausethespeculationtofaceextremedanger;Third,itisdifficultforinsurerstodiverttheriskbeyonditscapacitybymeansofre-insuranceto,inparticular,,theyarejusttryingtheirlu,quitemanyinsurerscertainlycanhardlybearthem.(2)CreditriskInrecentyearsinsurancefraudsoccurredfrequently,andt,statisticsofGuangdongInsuranceAssociationshowthatbyOctober2004,Guangdong-basednon-lifeinsurancecompaniesrecordedanaveragelossratioof4546%forautoloancases,andtheratioevenhitashighas8543%,,accordingtoconservativeestimatesofBeijingnon-lifeinsurers,around20%,(EconomicInformationDaily,April142004).(3)ClaimsriskLossofinsurancefundsisstillwidelyoccurringdu,insurerssometimeshavetofulfilltheresponsibilitiesoutsidethosestipulatedininsurancecontracts.(4)RiskofLiabilityOver-concentrationAsshowninthefollowingtable,theconcentrationinChina’,thetopone,motorvehicleandthird-partyliabilityinsurance,continuouslymaintainsthemarketshareofover60%,followedbytheenterprisepropertyinsurancewithashareof14%.Othertypespostaproportionofbelow5%’sLawonRoadTrafficSafety,manylocallawenforcementauthoritiesareinclinedtotreatinsurersasthedefendantorcodefendantandtorequireinsurerstopay,whichbegantoseetheliabilityconcentrationrisk.XieFuzhan,LiuShijin,LuZhongyuan,ZhangLiqunDRCTaskForceEconomicperspectivesNo10,2004Inouranalysisoftheeconomicsituationinthefirsthalfof2002,weconcludedthatth’sinherentself-growthabilityhadbeenstabilizedatarelativelyhighlevel,’seconomicgrowthisexpectedtoreachorexceed8percent,roeconomicpolicies,theemphasisofpoliciesandtheintensityofexpansionshouldbeproperlyadjustedsothatmoreeffortscanbedevotedtoso,withtheaccelerationofnon-governmentalinvestment,theupgradingofpersonalconsumptionandth,leadingmacroeconomicindicatorshavedemonstratedfurtherimprovementontopoflastyear’,industrialaddedvalue,investmentinfixedassets,foreigntrade,actualforeigncapitalutilizationandcurrencysupply(M1M2),theindustrialgrowt()wererelativelylowandsomeofthegrowthelementsbytheendoflastyearmaybetransferredtothebeginningofthisyear,theongoin,thenon-governmentalinvestmentnationwide(includingtheinvestmentbythejoint-stockeconomicsector,thecollectiveeconomicsector,theprivateeconomicsectorandthecooperativeeconomicsectorbutexcludingtheinvestmentbyforeignersandthosefromHongKong,MacaoandTaiwan),th,thegrowt,theproportionofthenon-go,,,whilethatbythenon-state-ownedeconomicsector(includingforeigninvestors),theinvestmentdesireofthenon-state-owne,theinvestorsfromthenon-state-ownedeconomicsector,includingdomesticnon-governmentalinvestorsandforeigninvestors,nt’sm1999to2002,,internter,duringthe2000-2002period,thepro-investmentm,theinvest,;,;,;self-raisedfundsroseby60percent,;,mentofthestate-ownedeconomicsector,theaccelerateddevelopmentoftheprivateeconomicsectorandthegradualimprovementofthemarketorderandtheenvironmentforfinancingandinvestment,thecontributionofmarketfactorssuchasenterpriseearnings,prices,expectations,self-financedinvestmentandforeigncapitalutilizationtotheinvestmentgrowthhasbeenconstantlyincreasedandthattngelcoeffic,,andsohasthegrowthofhousing,transportation,,thehousingspaceofurbanresidentsincreasedby22percent,theirhouseholdcomputersincreasedbysixfold,,,,refrigeratorsincreasedby74percentandwashingmachinesincreasedby45percent....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.--------------------------------------------------------------------------------1Theself-growthabilitymentionedherereferstotheeconomicgrowthpromotedbyproduction,investmentandconsumptionspontaneouslyofmarketentities,whichisdifferentfromthatpromotedbydirectgovernmentinvestment.YuanDongmingResearchReportNo080,2004China’’stotalinstalledcapacityofpowergeneratorswillreachabout410millionkilowatts,,thecoalstockofmanythermalpowerplantscouldonlysustain1-3days,andmanyplaceshavenochoicebut"suspendproductiontoavoidthepowerconsumptionpeak"orevenhaveto"resorttoblackouts"inordertocopewiththepowershortage,,inadditiontoexpandingtheinstalledcapacityofpowergeneratorsandtospeedingupthepowergridconstruction,itisamusttoactivelydevelopthedistributedpowerarchitecture(DPA),thedistributedpowersourcesarerealizedmainlythroughthecombinedsupplyofcooling,heatandpowerhasbecomeaninternationaltrend,breakingawayfromthetraditionalconceptaboutpowersourcesthat"smallmeansnon-economical."AftertheCaliforniapowercrisisintheUnitedStatesandthe"September11"terroristattacksallcountiesarepayinggreaterattentiontopowersupplysecurity,andar:FeaturesandProspectTheDPAisanewmodelofpowersupply,whichisc,,appliesnaturalgas,methane,andbiomassgasandlightoilasfuelandrealizesthecombinedsupplyofcooling,ittedinlongdistancetotheloadcenter,theDPAisdirectlyinstalledinthepowerdistributionnetworkwherethepowerloadisneeded,thetransmissionthroughpowergridismadeunnecessary,anditconcurrentlysuppliespower,steam,hotwaterandheati,environmentalprotection,investment,powersupplysafetyandsatisfyingthediversifiedneedsofcustomers,"smallthermalpowerplant"ora"small-capacitygenerator"forpowergeneration,itisapowergenerationmodewhich,throughthecomprehensiveutilizationofqualityenergies,providesheat,coolingandpoweratthesametime,anditsenergyutilizationratecouldreachashighasover80%,doublingthatoftheconventionalcoalthermalgeneratingunits[1].ralgas,lightoilandrenewableenergyasfuel,,comparedwiththeconventionalcoal-burninggeneratingunits,theSO2andsolidwastedischargefromtheDPAusingnaturalgasasfuelisvirtuallyzero,thedischargeofCO2isreducedbymorethan50%,thedischargeoftheNOxdischargeisreducedby80%andthedischargeofTspisreducedby95%[2]."powergenerationbyall"TheDPAneedssmallinvestment,occupieslesslandandhasashortconstructionperiod,anditiereasa135MWthermalpowergenerationunit,theminimumcapacityallowedinChina,willcostashighasmorethan700millionyuan[3].,transmissionanddistributionfacilityconstructionThelossofelectricityforcentralizedtransmissionanddistributionisusuallyabout10%,andevenashighasmorethan15%inChina[4].UndertheDPAmode,becausethepowerarchitectureislocatedclosetotheloadcenter,thereisnoneedtoconstructtheexpensivetransmissionanddistributiongrid,neitherisitnecessarytoconstructpowerdistributionstations,furthermore,thelossofelectricityinpowertransmissionanddistributionisverylow,implyusingnaturalgasforpowersupply,eat,powerandcoolingatthesametime,andcould,accordingtothespecialneedsofcustomers,dium-sized,orminigeneratingunitsthatareconvenienttostartorshutdown,,thepowerplantsarerelativelyindependent,thiswouldbeconvenientforcustomerstocont,heatandcoolingsupplytocommercialcenters,residentialareas,industrialparks,hotels,schools,,thecombinationofthepublicpowergridandtheDPAisamajormethodtosaveinvestment,reduceene,theamountofpowergeneratedthroughtheDPAaccountsfor25%-33%ofcustomers’totalpowerconsumption[5],andtheremainingportionissuppliedbythepublicpowernetwork,"September11"terroristattack,thedevelopedcountries,Britainhasbuiltmorethan1,000DPApowerplants,andtheUnitedStateshasconstructedmorethan6,,20%ofnewlyconstructedcommercialorofficebuildingsby2010,andmorethanhalfofsuchbuildingsby2020willuseDPApowersupply,andby2020,15%oftheexistingbuildingswillalsobetransformedtouseDPApowersupply[6].,bigpowerplantsandpowernetworkshareamutuallysupplementaryrelationship,notanantagonisticrelationship,DPAisacons,DPAcouldbeconnectedtoabig,tomeetthepowerneedsduringthepeakperiod,itdaftersatisfyingtheneedsforpowersupplyduringthepeakperiod,,powersupplyrelyingonbigpowergridswouldnotonlymeanabiglossofelectricityinthelong-distancetransmission,yloadtoDPA,andatthesametime,to,PAplant,itishighlyreliableandcouldhelpimprovethereliabilityandstabilityofthepublicpowersystem....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.--------------------------------------------------------------------------------*WangZhenming,advisertotheHeatandPowerSpecializedCommitteeofChinaSocietyofElectricalEngineering,offeredgreathelptothewritingofthispaper.[1]"LadderUtilizationofNaturalGas"inthe"CollectionofThesesoftheSeminaronDPAHeat,PowerandCoolingJointProduction,"byZhaoZhiyi,LiMingyuan,etc.,P38[2]Datasource:Meetingminutesofthe2003DPAHeat,PowerandCoolingJointProductionSeminar.[3]"OptimizingtheUtilizationofNaturalGas,VigorouslySpeedinguptheConstructionofDPAPlants"fromthe"EnergyPolicyResearch,"2003,byHuaBi,LaiYuankai,P40-46.[4]"VigorouslyDevelopingtheGasTurbinePower-generatingIndustry"fromthe"CollectionofThesesoftheSeminaronDPAHeat,PowerandCoolingJointProduction,"[5]"DiscussionofSeveralQuestionsontheDesignofDistributedPowerArchitecture,"byHanXiaoping,[6]"OptimizingtheUtilizationofNaturalGas,VigorouslySpeedinguptheConstructionofDPAPlants"fromthe"EnergyPolicyResearch,"2003,byHuaBi,LaiYuankai,P40-46.HanJun,XieYang,XiaoJunyan,CuiXiaoli,YuBaoping,PanYaoguoLuoDan,,2005Intermsofpurposes,theconsumerdemandforgraincomprisesfourparts:food,feed,,thetotalgraindemandforayearshouldmeetthefollowingequation:thetotalgraindemandfortheyear=graininventoryatbeginningoftheyear+grainproductionoftheyear+netgrainimportoftheyear–workoutt’srelevantdata,thisreportwillanalyzethefeaturesandtrendsofthechangesinChina’’sConsumerDemandforGrainChina’sgrainstatisticsmainlycovercereal,,beansandtubersaccountedforabout11-13percentofthecountry’,however,grainstatisticscovercerealoutputonly,,,thestructureofcerealconsumptionhasundergonemajorchangesSince1990,,reofthedemandforcereals.20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以ZhangXiaojiBeforetheAsianfinancialcrisis,EastAsiancountriesmainlypursuedaunilateralliberalizationpolicybasedonthemost-favored-nationtreatment(MFN),whileuntriesand,asaresult,regionalehina,JapanandKorea(abbreviatedas10+3),,JapanandKoreaareallcountrieswithimportantinfluenceinEastAsia,andtheirdialogueandcoordinationwithinthe10+3frameworka,theleadersofthethreecountriesagreedtolaunchatanappropriatetimeaoTradeAreaisaccountingforanincreasinglygreaterproportionoftheglobaltradeInthe1990s,,atotalof179regionaltradeagreements(RTA),andthe,economicintegrationcanbeusedtopreventpossiblepoliticalormilitaryconflicts;freetradeareasareestablishedtoexpandregionalmarket,attractoutsideinvestmentandincreaseinternationalcompetitiveness;smallcountriescanstrengthentheirpositionsinthemultilateraltradenegotiationswiththeirmembershipinregionalorganizations;,,newregionaltr,theintra-regionaltradeoftheEuropeanUnionandtheNorthAmericanFreeTradeArea,thetwolargesttradeblocsintheworld,,theEuropeanUnioni,theNAFTA-basedeconomicintegrationwillexpandtoformaFreeTradeAreaoftheAmericas(FTAA).Theintra-regionaltradeofthetwogreatertradeblocsnowinformationhasexceeded40percentoftheglobaltrade(Table1).Othercountriesareallseekingregionalcooperationpartnersinordertoavoidthedamageshif、智尊贵宾厅用户至上澳门拉斯维加斯下载app送奖金LiJiangeandHanJunResearchReportNo179,’sAgriculture,RuralAreasandFarmersattheNewStageThecentralgovernment’spolicyismoreandmoreexplicitinsolvingproblemsfacingagriculture,,thecentralgovernmentmadeascientificjudgmentand,thecentralgovernmentproposedthatthemaintaskofagricultureandruraldevelopmentatthenewstagewastopushforward,thecentralgovernmentpointedoutthatthekernelobjectiveoftheagriculturalstructureadjustmentwastoincreasefarmers’,thecentralgovernmentproposedthatcomprehensivemeasuresshouldbetakentoincreasefarmers’incomeandthepolicyof"givingmore,takinglessandinvigoratingruraleconomybeadheredto."In2003,thecentralgovernmentproposedtoputtheproblemsfacingagriculture,ruralareasandfarmersonthe"topoftheagendaoftheParty’swork".Thiswasthesolemnpledgefromthenewcentralleadershipontheproblemsfacingagriculture,"theurbanandruraleconomyandsocialdevelopmentshouldbeunderoverallcoordination",thusclarifyingtheguidingideologyonsolvingtheproblemsfacingagriculture,wardthenewdevelopmentoutlookasrequiredbythenewstage,,toregionaldevelopment,toeconomicandsocialdevelopment,toharmoniousdevelopmentofmanandnature,riculture,’sgrainsecurity,pushingforwardonthestrategicadjustmentofagriculturalstructureandraisingthecomprehensiveagriculturalefficiencyandcompetitivenessSince2000,the,betweenitsoutputanddemandcontinuestobewidened,,thegraindemandofthecountrywouldseearigidgrowth,andthegrainshortagewouldtendtobeseriouswiththeincreaseofpopulation,decreaseoffarmland,quickeningurbanizationandimprovementofpeople’’splanningandpeople’,,thegrainpolicyinthenextfewyearswillbetoboostthereasonablegrowthofgrainoutputinsteadofcontrollingthegrainoutputinthepassthebasisforensuringthecountry’,especiallybasicfarmlandbeingoccupiedbyconstructionprojects,,China’’ssupporttoandprotectionofgrainproductionshouldbemainlyre’,wemustmakeresearchonthequestionofhowtoexpandthedemandforagriculturalproducts–,turalproductprocessingindustry,itwillbeverydifficulttoadjusttheagriculturalstructure;Second,expandingexportsofagriculturalproducts,whichisplayingamoreandmoreimportantroleincarryingforwardtheadjustmentofagriculturalstructureandimprovingfarmers’’agriculturalproducts–lowquality,,weshouldactivelydealwiththecomplicatedinternationalagriculturalprionforruralpopulationThekeytoincreasingfarmers’ruralareaswhilehighlightingthedevelopmentofagriculturalproductprocessing,inationandapprovalovertheuseofruralworkersbyenterprises,simplifytheprocedureforfarmerstoworkoutside,abolishtheunreasonabl,,,themanagemewns,theyshouldenjoythesametreatmentwithurbanresidentsinhousing,armyrecruitment,children’senrol,ruralresidentswhoareemployedandsettleddowninthecitiesshouldcontinuetoenjoytherighttofarmlandcontractingandenjoythedistributionfromthresidenceinthecitiesoftheirownwillsothatthehouseholdregistrationwouldonlybearthesignificancetoindicatetheplaceofresidence,andthattheurbanandruralresidentswouldenjoyequalrightsundertheconditionthaalresidentidentification,employmentandunequaltreatmentandtothecoordinateddevelopmentofurbanandruraleconomy.LiuShijin,,hinaSince1980s,thereformofthemonopolyindustrieshasbecomeaninternationaltrend,whichisinthedirectionofrelaxingcontrolrefertothoseindustrieswhichhavecertaincharacteristicsofnaturalmonopolyandatthesametimealsohaveverydistinctivefeaturesofadministrativemonopoly;suchindustriesprimarilytaketheformoflarge-scalewhollyState-ownedorproprietaryadministrativecompanies(orcompetentauthorities),mainlyincludingelectricpower,telecommunications,railway,civilaviation,,Imeantobuildanewframeworkwhichtakestheenterprisesinamarketeconomyenvironmentastheb’smonopolyindustriesisconcerned,itisevidentthatrelaxingcontrolisfarfromenough;toputitcorrectly,whatisoftoppriorityisnotthematterofcontrol,,inthefirstplace,,apartwhichprovidesinfrastructureandholdsanextraordinarilyimportantpositionineconomicoperation,ifsuchindustriesaredissociatedfromthemarketeconomy,themarketeconomywilldefinitelybeincomplete,,itcanonlybecalleda"semi-marketeconomy".ViewedfromthepracticalexperienceofChina’seconomicreform,thereformoftheState-ownedenterprisesinthemonopolyindustrieshasthelatestolyindustriesisnotputintoeffect,theobjectivesofstrategicrestructuringofnationalecono,thepressureonthereformofthemonopolyindustriesmostlycomesfromthe"bottlenecks"ineconomicgrowthandpeople’sdissatis,"bottlenecks",the"bottleneck"constraintstakeplaceinsuchbasicindustriesasenergyresources,rawmaterials,traffic,omsofrawmaterialssuchassteelproductsandnon-ferrousmetals,theoveralltensioninthecoal,electricpower,oilandtrafficindustries,ns,suchasenormousdemandandlongcycleofinvestmentinbasicindustriesandinfrastructure,,State-ownedenterprisesinsuchindustriescannotmakeactiveandproperresponsestothedemands,whichcanbeclearlyseenincomparisonwiththequickresponsesmadebynon-State-ownedenterprisesinotherindustriestothemarket;ontheotherhand,sincetheseindustriesare,toarelativelygreatextent,subjecttoadministrativemonopoly,itisdifficultforoutsid,whenshortofsupplygivesrisetosevere"bottlenecks",itisjustthetimesuchproblemsaslowefficiencyandcorruptionaremosteminent,andconsequently,thegeneralpublic’"railwaywagons""eliminatetheunsteadyandunhealthyfactorsinthecourseofeconomicgrowthbydeepeningthereform","justification"forreform,thentheincreasingpressureinrealityconstitutesthe"urgency",althoughthesetwoconditionsdoexist,thereformofthemonopolyindustriesisstillconfrontedwithmanyobstacles,orinotherwords,’monopolyindustriescanbedividedintofourlevelsinprinciple:1.ThechoiceofoperationmodeThekeystoneistobreakdowntheadministrativemonopoly,introducecompetitionintosuchlinksasmayallowofcompetition,andestablishastableconnectionbetweennaturalmonopolyandcompetition,soastoimp,by"breakingdownthemonopoly",weactuallymeantobreakdownadministrativemonopoly,,establishingmorethanoheredoesnotexistnaturalmonopoly,andmoreover,pletheoreticalortechnicalmatter,andnaturalmol,whatwastakenasthefieldofnaturalmonopolybefo,thereplacementoftraditionalcopperphonelinesbyopticalfiberlinesoffersate,throughoperatingconcessionsauction,althoughaprojectofnaturalmonopolyisundertakenbyonlyoneenterprise,itsaccesswasgainedbymeansofcompetition,andtherearepotentialcompetitorsjustoutsidethe"entrance",whichrenderstheproject"competitive".Rationallydefiningtheboundarybetweennaturalmonopolyandcompetitivenessisjustonenecessarystep,andwhetherornotasmoothtransitionor"seamlessjoint"betweenthetwocanbesecuredi"interface"isandhowtomaketheconnection,forexample,betweenroadnetfacilitiesandpassenger/freighttrainoperationsintherailwayindustry;betweenpowergeneration,distributionandtransmissionintheelectricpowerindustry;betweentelecommunication,cabletelevisionnetworkandoperationbusiness;andingeneral,,whenmakingthechoiceweshouldgiveacomprehensiveconsiderationtosuchfactorsasspecializationofasset,transactionfrequencyanduncertainty,andmakearr,intherailwayindustry,withregardtocertainroadnetfacilities,operatorswhofrequentlyusethemandthosewhoonlyusethematlongintervalshaveverydifferentgovernancestructuresbetweenthemselvesandtheroadnetoperators,theformerneedtoformaverticalintegratedstructure,whilethelatteronlyneedtosignatemporaryagreement.Theabovetable,thisgroupcanbedividedintotwomajorcategories:Onecategoryisthesectorsthatarecloselyrelatedtothestructuralupgradingofpersonalconsumption,includingelectronicandcommunicationproducts,,therapidgrowthofthisgroupbenefited,firstofall,fromthegrow,thegrowthofthetradit,moderncot,theratioofpersonalconsumerdemandhasrespectivelyreacheverthelevelin2001,thecoverageoffixedtelephonesandmobilephonewentupbynearly100percent,,drasticgrowthwasalsopostedforair-conditioners,-outputtableindicatesthatdemandgrowtharisingfromthestructuralupgradingofpersonalconsum,thegroup’,theexportofelectronicandcommunicationproductsaoftheequipmentofvarioussectors,,therapidchemicalindustryhasdrivenupthedemandforspecialequipmentrequiredbythepetrochemicalsector,andtheaccelerationofelectricityconstruction,thiscategoryasawholehasstillmaintainedafast-growingstan,,nearly50percentoftheproductsofthegeneralmachinerysectorhavebeenusedtomeettheequipmentdemandarisingfrominvestmentsinfixedassets,:ironandsteel(includingmetallurgy,rollingandmetalproducts),nonferrousmetalsandrelatedexcavationsectorThisindustrygroupismadeupofthefastest-growingsectorsofall,wit,themachineryindustryandespeciallythesectorsthatmakegeneralmachineryandspecialequipmenthavebeenthelargestusers,followedbyconstru,,industr,theirgrowt,forexample,,,,wecanestimatethatthestructureupgradingofpersonalhousingconsumptionhascontributedatlea,thecontinuousgrowthinthescopeandquantityoflargesteelstructuresusedfortheconstructionofmunicipalinfrastructurefacilitie:thechemicalindustryThepaceofgrowthoft,theaveragegrowthratewas24percent,whichwasabout3percentagepointshigherthantheoverallindustrialgro,thec,,thechemicalindustry’sfas,italsohasha,plasticproducts,chemicalproductsofdailyuse,andvariousmaterialsusedforhousingdecorationcontributedabout20percenttothegrowthofthefinaldemandofchemicalproductsasestimatedinthe2000input-outputtable.、DVORHanJun,XieYang,XuXiaoqing,CuiChuanyi,PanYaoguo,1thFive-YearPlan(1),China’stotalgraindemandwillgoupannuallyduetopopulationgrowth,ble,nsumptionrevealsthatwhenincomeisatarelativelylowlevel,grainisthemai,livestockproductswillreplacethereducedportionofcereal,theconsumptionoflivestockproductsstabilizes,’sfoodconsumptionisinthesecondperiod,namelyaperiodduringwhichfoodconsum,theconsumptionoflivestockproductsbyurbanresidentswillgrowatarelativelyslowpace,whilethespaceforsuchconsumptionbyruralresidentsisfairlylargeandsuchconsumptionwillgrowatarelativelyfastpace.(2)Theaccelerateddevelopmentofindustrializationandurbanizationwillbringabou’,thelevelofChina’,thelevelofChina’,iftheproportionofagriculturalemploymentdropsby1percentagepointeachyearwiththeaccelerationofeconomicdevelopment(overthetwodecadesfrom1981to2001,),theproportionofagriculturale,theaccelerationofindustrializationandurbanizationoverthenext20yearswillbringaboutrareopportunitiesforChinatosolvethethreeagriculture-relatedproblems.(3)Chinahasenteredadevelopmentperiodinwhichindustrycounter-feedsagriculture,andha’scounter-feedingofagricultureisanactofgovernmentinterventioninagriculture,,manycountriesexperiencedaperiodinthecourseofindustrialization,duringwhichagriculturefirstpr,industrialandfarmproductscouldnotbetradedonanequalfootingduetothelon,thestateobtainedhugeamountsoffundsfromtheagriculturalsectorandseriouslyweakenedagriculture’,agriculture,whichhadalreadybeenbackward,losttheabilityforself-developmentbecauseitfailedtoreceivesufficientvaluecompensationoveralongperiod,andthematerialandtechnicalco,thestateclearlyintensifi,agr,agricultureisstillinanunfavorablepos,China’spercapitaGDPatcurrentexchangeratessurpassed1,strywasabout15∶85,theratiobetweentheemploymentofagricultureandnon-farmindustrieswasabout50∶,Chinahasenteredthemiddleperiodofindustrialization,duringwhichnon-farmindustriesinsteadofagriculturehavebecometheleadingsectorofthenation,differentcountriesadopteddifferentmeasuresinlig,Chinaingeneralhasenteredthedevelopmentperiodduringwhichindustryshouldcounter-feedagricultureandhencethepolicytoprotect,thenationalrevenuefromagriculturaltaxandsurchargestotaled46billionyuan,andtheasandChinacannotgivehugeamountsofsubsidiestoincreasetheincomeofpeasantsasdevelopedcountriesdo,thecountryingeneralhasalreadyposseevelopmentduringthe11thFive-YearPlan(1)Agriculturalproductionfacesgravechallengessuchascontinuousshrinkingoffarmland,overallworseningo"increasedpopulation,reducedfarmlandandreducedwater"willcontinueandtheconstraintofresourceconditionstoagriculturaldevelopmentwillbecomeevenmoreacute.(2)Oversupplyofrurallaborandunderemploymentwillcontinuetobemajorconstraintstoth,,technologicaladvancesinagriculturewillreleaseaconsiderableamountoflabor.(3)The,co’sfunctionsaremonotonr,theruralcreditcoopegthevastruralareas,,,thestate-ownedcommercialbanksattractedmorethan300billionyuanofdepositsfromtheruralareasandthef,thecreditcooperativealsosawabout200billionyuanoffundsflowingoutoftheruralareaseachyearonaveragethroughre-depositingfundsinthecentralbank,purchasingnationaldebtsandfinancialbondsandotherchannels.,themonetarypolicyshouldcoordinate,themonetarypolicys,inordertomaintainamoderateinflationlevel,theM2supplyshouldbecontrolledwithinagrowthsectionof17-19%whilethegrowthofloansshouldbecontrolledwithin21%.fconsumptionandinvestmentChina’,themonetarypolicyin2004shouldpay,structu,weshouldcontinuetogivepreferentialtreatmenttotheconsumercreditinfieldssuchashousingdecoration,,weshouldimplementamorerelaxedconsumercreditpolicyandpositivelyfosterthevirtuousconsumptionpsychologyandconsumptionbehaviorofpeoplentrolonforeignexchangeCurrently,theinterestratemarket-orientedreformonlyinvolvesloans,,intheyearof2004,thecentralban,seenfromthelong-termdevelopmentdirectionofChina’sexchangeratereform,,theurgentaffairscurrentlyistoloosefor,weshouldformulaterelatedpoliciesandregulationstoinitiateQualifiedDomesticInstitutionalInvestorsandimplementthestrategyof“goingout”.Secondly,weshouldreformthepresentsystemofforeignexchangesettlementandsalesandch,weshallcontinuetorelaxthelimitationontheamount’sbankingsectorhasenteredanall-roundtrouble-shootingperiodIn2004,theChinesegovernmentdecidedtoinputUS$45billionforeignexchangereservetosupplementcapitalfundfortheBankofChina(BOC)andChinaConstructionBank(CCB),BOCandCCBshouldtakeefforttostrengtheninternalreform,changetheoperationmechanism,establishsoundcorporategovernance,upgradethep,itshouldbeputontheagendatorelaxfinancialcontrolbeginningwiththeparticipationofprivatecapitalforsmallandmedium-sizedbanksandtograduallydevimeSince2004,China’sfinancialreformisaccelerated:theliberalizationofinterestrateandexchangerateprogressesgradually,bigcommercialbankswillbelistedafterrestructuring,,thedep’sdepositinsuranceinstitutionshouldreflecttheprincipleof“compulsoryparticipation,feelinkageandrisksharing”.March2004edropintheincreaseofinvestmentmainlyreliesonadminis,itisadministrati,theStateCouncilcalledonalllocalities,departmentsandunitstocheckuponinvestmentprojectsoffixedassets,whichareunderconstructionorplanning,inanall-roundwaywithinoneandahalfmonthswithfocusonironandsteel,electrolyticaluminumandcementprojects,thePartyandgovernmentinstitutionalbuildingsandtrainingcenters,urbanhigh-speedrailcommunicationfacilities,golfcourts,conferenceandexhibitioncenters,logisticsparksan,strictadministrativeandquasi-administrativecontrolmeasuresalsoappliedtotheproportionofcapitalfundininvestmentprojects,endoftheexpansionofinvestmentsinfixedassetswithinashortperiodoftime,buttheystillhaveshortcoming:(1)Theirpolicylacksflexibilityandwillhurtnormalinvestmentanddevelopmentifitcontinuesforquitealongperiodoftime;and(2),68,000fixedassetsinvestmentprojectsstartedtobebuiltinthefirstsixmonthsofthisyear,,400billionyuan,,mentdidnotgodown,omJ,ckedunderthestrictadministrativemeasures,,thedeep-rootedissueoninvestmentexpansionhasnotyetbeensolved,andthecontrolofcredit,theinvestmentinfixedassetswillbeexpandedagain....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.。

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